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Defence Forces Missions with United Nations

 

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untso0UNTSO – 1948 United Nations truce Supervision organisation mission:-

This mission was established in June 1948 to assist the Mediator and the Truce Commission in supervising the Palestine Truce under the Security Council. Since its inception, UNTSO has performed various tasks entrusted to it by the Security Council, including the observation of the cease-fire in the Suez Canal area and the Golan Heights following the Arab-Israeli war of June 1967. At present, UNTSO assists and cooperates with UNDOF and UNIFIL in the performance of their tasks. Observer groups are stationed in Beirut and in Cairo with liaison offices in Amman and Gaza City. UNTSO also provided cadres of Military Observers for the initial set-up of UNGOMAP, UNIMOG, UNIKOM and UNPROFOR. The Mission continues to the present date. Medal obverse The medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “In the Service of Peace” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The ribbon has the UN blue background with two narrow white stripes, the basic colours of the UN. Qualification: Qualifying period of 180 days of service in the mission area.

 

UN-India-Pakistan-Observation-Mission-UNIPOM UNMOGIP- January 1949 - United Nations Military observer Group in India and Pakistan

UNMOGIP was established in January 1949 to supervise the ceasefire between India and Pakistan, in the State of Jammu and Kashmir. The Mission continues to the present date. Since renewed hostilities in 1971, UNMOGIP monitors the ceasefire called for by the United Nations Security Council. Medal obverse The medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “In the Service of Peace” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The ribbon bears a wide central band in various shades of green to represent the Himalayan Range and the Kashmir Valley, flanked by narrow white stripes representing the snow-capped mountains. Two equal bars of UN blue appear at either end of the ribbon. Qualification: Qualifying period of 180 days of service in the mission area.

 

MED0012UN-LebanonUNOGILUNTSOUNOGIL - May 1958 - United Nations observer Group in Lebanon

UNOGIL was established in May 1958, after an armed rebellion broke out in Lebanon near the Syrian Border over proposed constitutional changes by President Camille Chamoun, who wished to be elected to another term in office. Syria now part of the United Arab Republic (UAR), was lending its support to the Muslim cause, by infiltrating arms and ammunition into Lebanon for use by Lebanese rebels. The UN Security Council set up UNOGIL to ensure personnel, arms and ammunition were not infiltrated across the Lebanese border. UNOGIL was withdrawn in December 1958. Medal obverse The medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The ribbon (same as UNTSO) has the UN blue background with two narrow white stripes, the basic colours of the UN.    Qualification: Qualifying period of 180 days of service in the mission area.

 

 onucONUC – 1960 United Nations operation in the Congo (the acronym derives from the french, operation des Nations Unies au Congo)

 ONUC was established initially in July 1960 to ensure the withdrawal of Belgian forces, to assist the Government in maintaining law and order, and to provide technical assistance. The function of ONUC was subsequently modified to include maintaining the territorial integrity and the political independence of the Congo, preventing the occurrence of civil war, and securing the removal from the Congo of all foreign military, paramilitary and advisory personnel not under the United Nations command, and all mercenaries. On completion of the mandate the Mission was withdrawn in June 1964. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse The medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: In 1963 it was decided that a distinctive ribbon should be issued. The ribbon subsequently awarded carries a broad centre band of green, symbolic of hope that was thought to be appropriate for a young nation, and also to represent the Congo Basin. The centre band is flanked by two narrow white bands, representing the UN Mission and at either end are two bars of UN blue. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of the service in mission area. note: The First Medal awarded to personnel serving in the Belgian Congo was the same as the UNTSO Medal with a Clasp pinned in the centre of the Ribbon with the word CONGO.

 

monucUNTEA – 1962 United Nations temporary Executive Authority (UNTEA) United Nations Security force in west New Guinea (West Irian) (UNSF)

The mission was established in October 1962 to maintain peace and security in the territory under the United Nations Temporary Executive Authority (UNTEA) established by agreement between Indonesia and the Kingdom of the Netherlands. United Nations Security Force (UNSF) assisted and monitored the cease-fire and helped ensure law and order during the transition period, pending transfer to Indonesia. Upon completion of the mandate, the missions were withdrawn in April 1963. Only one medal was issued. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The medal ribbon has a background of UN blue with three centred narrow stripes in the colours dark green, white and light green. The dark green represents the jungle and the swampland, white indicates the snow-capped mountains and pale green represents the coral beaches of the region. Qualification: Qualifying period of 180 days of service in the mission area. 

 

CypUNFICYP – 1964 United Nations Peacekeeping force in Cyprus

 Established in March 1964 to prevent the recurrence of hostilities between the Greek and Turkish Cypriots and, as necessary, to contribute to the maintenance and restoration of law and order and a return to normal conditions. Since the hostilities of 1974, the mandate has included supervising the cease-fire and maintaining a buffer zone between the lines of the Cyprus National Guard and of the Turkish and Turkish Cypriot forces. The mission continues to the present date. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The medal Ribbon has three equal bars, one of white in the centre and two of UN blue at either end. The bars are separated by two narrow bands of dark blue symbolising the Mediterranean Sea. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

 

 

unmogipUNMOGIP - September 1965

In September 1965 to supervise the cease-fire along the India/Pakistan border (except in the State of Jammu and Kashmir where UNMOGIP were deployed) and the withdrawal of all armed personnel to the positions held by them before 05 August 1965. The mission was terminated in March 1966 after the withdrawal of troops by India and Pakistan. Medal obverse The medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The ribbon bears a wide central band in various shades of green to represent the Himalayan Range and the Kashmir Valley, flanked by narrow white stripes representing the snow-capped mountains. Two equal bars of UN blue appear at either end of the ribbon. (The same as UNMOGIP) Qualification: Qualifying period of 180 days of service in the mission area.

 

  

UNEF-11-1973UNEF II – 1973 United Nations Emergency force II

The mission was established in October 1973 to supervise the cease-fire between Egyptian and Israeli forces and, following the conclusion of the agreements of 18 January 1974 and 4 September 1975, to supervise the redeployment of Egyptian and Israeli forces and to control the buffer zones established under those agreements. The mandate for this mission expired in July 1979 and the troops were withdrawn. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The ribbon bears a wide central band of a sand or buff colour symbolising the Sinai Desert with two narrow dark blue lines through the middle, representing the Suez Canal. Two wide bars of UN blue appear at either end.  Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

 

 

 

undof0UNDOF - June 1974 - United Nations Disengagement observer force

The mission was established in June 1974 to supervise the cease-fire between Israel and Syria; to supervise the disengagement (redeployment) of Syrian and Israeli forces; and, to establish a buffer zone, as provided in the Agreement on Disengagement between Israeli and Syrian Forces of 31 May 1974. UNDOF continues to perform its functions effectively with the cooperation of the parties. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The ribbon contains a central stripe of UN blue with a red line down the middle representing the UN patrolled Area of Separation; two narrow stripes of black, representing the volcanic rock of the Golan region appear on either side with two narrow bands of white, symbolic of the snow on Mt. Hermon, outside these. At either end are wide bands of burgundy, symbolising the purple haze at sunset and the native thistles of the Golan. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

 

 

LEBUNIFIL – 1978 United Nations Interim force in Lebanon

This Mission was established in March 1978 to confirm the withdrawal of Israeli forces from southern Lebanon, to restore international peace and security, and to assist the Government of Lebanon in ensuring the return of its effective authority in the area. The Mission continues to the present date. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The ribbon bears equal bands of UN blue, green and UN blue. The bands are separated by two equal sized white stripes, each bisected by a narrow red line. The colours represent the UN and Lebanese flags. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

 

 

unhqUN HQ – 1979 - United Nations Headquarters in New York

From time to time countries may provide, on a secondment basis, staff trained, military officers to serve in staff positions at United Nations Headquarters in New York to assist with the planning and implementation of new missions Medal obverse The medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The ribbon is pure United Nations blue and represents service at United Nations Headquarters in New York rather than as part of a specific peacekeeping operation. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in UN HQ.

 

 

uniimogUNIIMOG – 1988 United Nations Iran-Iraq Military observer Group

This Mission was established in August 1988 to verify, confirm and supervise the cease-fire and withdrawal of all forces to the internationally recognised boundaries agreed to between Iran and Iraq. The Mission ceased in February 1991. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The ribbon has a broad central band of UN blue flanked on the left end by three equal stripes in green, white and red to represent the Iranian flag, and on the right end, by three equal stripes of red, white and black to represent the Iraqi flag. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

 

 

untagUNTAG – 1989 United Nations transitional Assistance Group

UNTAG was established to ensure the early independence of Namibia through free and fair elections under the supervision and control of the United Nations. The mission was established April 1989 with a mandate for one year and closed in March 1990. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. ribbon: The centre of the UNTAG ribbon contains five equal stripes in black, yellow, red, green and royal blue, the colours of the five Olympic Rings and representing the five continental regions of the world, all of which were represented in either the military or civilian police components of UNTAG. The centre is flanked by equal bars of a buff or sand colour to represent the Kalahari and Namib deserts with equal bands of UN blue appearing at each end. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

 

 

 

onucaONUCA – 1989 United Nations observer Group In Central America

This Mission was established in December 1989 to conduct on-site verification of termination of aid to irregular forces and insurrectionist movements, and the non-use of the territory of one state for attacks on other states in the countries of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. The Mission terminated in January 1992. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The medal ribbon contains five narrow green stripes to represent the five countries involved. These five green stripes are separated by four equal white stripes. The central group is flanked by two equal bands of sea blue to represent the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, flanked in turn by two broad bands of UN blue to represent the United Nations’ presence in the area. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

 

 

unavemUNAVEM II – 1991 United Nations Angola Verification Mission

UNAVEM II was established in May 1991 to verify the redeployment northward and the phased and total withdrawal of Cuban troops from the territory of the People’s Republic of Angola in accordance with the timetable agreed between the parties. The mission was terminated in February 1995. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The ribbon contains a central broad band of light blue flanked by three equal stripes of black, white and red, with wide yellow bands at either end. The yellow, red and black are representative of the Angolan national flag, with the light blue and white representing the UN presence in the country. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

 

UnitedNationsSpecialServiceMedalUNSCOM – 1991 United Nations Special Commission

On 3 April 1991, the Security Council established the terms and conditions for a formal cease-fire between Iraq and the coalition of Member States in cooperation with Kuwait. Section C of resolution 687 deals with the elimination, under international supervision, of Iraq’s weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles with a range grater than 150 Kilometres (Km), together with related items and production facilities. It also calls for measures to ensure that the acquisition and production of prohibited items are not resumed.  The Special Commission was set up to implement the non-nuclear provisions of the resolution and to assist the International Atomic Agency (IAEA) in the nuclear areas. The precise terms are laid out in paragraphs 7 to 13 of the resolution. medal: Medal obverse The medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse The medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. ribbon: The UN Special Services Medal was issued for this misson. The colour combination consists of a large blue stripe framed between two white stripes. In order to identify the theatre in which the personnel  have earned the medal, a clasp is added with the name of the country or the United Nations organization (UNHCR, UNSCOM, UNSMA, MINUGUA etc). Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

 

minursoMINURSO – 1991 United Nations Mission for the Referendum in western Sahara

MINURSO was established in May 1991 following the agreement between the Government of Morocco and the Frente Polisario. MINURSO was deployed to monitor the ceasefire and to organise and conduct a referendum which would allow the people of the Western Sahara to choose freely between integration with Morocco or independence. The mission continues to this date. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The medal Ribbon has a very wide central band of a sandy brown colour, representing the Sahara Desert, with two narrow bands of UN blue at either end. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

 

 

unikomUNIKOM – 1991 United Nations Iraq/Kuwait observer Mission

UNIKOM was established in April 1991 following the forced withdrawal of Iraqui forces from Kuwait. Its task was to monitor the demilitarised zone established along the Iraq/Kuwait border, deter border violations and to report on any hostile action. The mandate of the mission was completed in October 2003. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The ribbon contains a narrow central stripe of UN blue, surrounded by two broad bands of a buff or desert colour, representative of the Iraqi and Kuwaiti Deserts. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

 

unamicUNAMIC – 1991 United Nations Advance Mission in Cambodia

UNAMIC was established in October 1991 to assist the Cambodian parties to maintain their ceasefire during the period prior to the establishment of the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC), and to initiate mine awareness training of the civilian population. Later, the mandate was enlarged to include training in mine clearance and the initiation of a mine clearance programme. The mission and its functions were subsumed by UNTAC in March 1992. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The medal ribbon contains a white central stripe flanked by dark blue, gold and red stripes, representing the Cambodian flags. A band of UN blue borders these on either side. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

 

onusalONUSAL – 1991 United Nations observer Mission In El Salvador (Spanish acronym, observadores de las Naciones Unidas en El Salvador)

This Mission was established on 20 May 1991 to monitor all agreements between the government of El Salvador and Frente Farabundo Marti para la Liberacion Nacional (FMLN), including a ceasefire and related measures, reform and reduction of the armed forces, creation of a new police force, reform of the judicial and electoral systems, human rights, land tenure and other social and economic issues. The mission was terminated in April 1995. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The medal Ribbon has five equal bars, the centre being white, flanked by dark blue, and, at either end, by UN blue. The dark blue and white represent the national flag of El Salvador. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

 

UNTACUNTAC – 1992 United Nations transitional Authority In Cambodia

UNTAC was established in February 1992, incorporating the existing Mission, UNAMIC. The mandate for this mission relates to human rights, the organisation and conduct of free and fair elections, military arrangements, civil administration, the maintenance of law and order, the repatriation and resettlement of the Cambodian refugees and displaced persons, and the rehabilitation of essential Cambodian infrastructures during the transitional period. After the elections, the mission was closed on 15 November 1993 and replaced by the United Nations Military Liaison Team (UNMLT). Consisting of 20 military observers, their task was to maintain close liaison with the Cambodian government, to report to the Secretary-General on matters effecting security in Cambodia and to assist the government in dealing with residual military matters related to the Paris agreement. UNMLT was established for a single period of six months. Military observers were eligible to receive the UNTAC medal. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The medal ribbon features green, to depict the paddy fields which cover most of the country. The white central stripe is flanked by red stripes representing all the factions’ flags. These are bordered on either side by a band of UN blue and Supreme National Council blue. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

unproforUNPROFOR – 1992 the United Nations Protection force

UNPROFOR was established in February 1992 as an interim arrangement to create the conditions of peace and security required for the negotiation of an overall settlement of the Yugoslavian crisis. The role of the UN troops was to ensure that areas designated as “UN Protected Areas” (UNPA) became and remained demilitarised and that all persons residing in these areas were protected from fear of armed attack. The force also assisted the humanitarian agencies of the UN in the return of all displaced persons who so desired. There were several extensions to this mandate. This mission was restructured in April 1995, leading to UNCRO, UNPREDEP and UNPF. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The colour combination of the ribbon consists of a background of UN blue, with a central wide band of red, representing the United Nations Protected Areas (UNPAs), flanked by thin stripes of the white. On the left side there is a narrow band of green, representing forests, and on the right side, a narrow band of brown, representing the mountains. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

unosomUNOSOM II – 1992 United Nations operation in Somalia

UNOSOM II was established in April 1993 to take appropriate action, including enforcement measures, to establish throughout Somalia a secure environment for humanitarian assistance. UNOSOM II was to complete, through disarmament and reconciliation, the task begun by the Unified Task Force for the restoration of peace, stability, law and order. UNOSOM II was withdrawn in March 1995. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The background of the ribbon is sand or buff coloured symbolising the desert, with a wide centre band of UN blue flanked by narrow stripes of dark green symbolizing hope. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

  

UNSCOM-1991UNSMA – 1993 United Nations Special Mission in Afghanistan

This mission was set up in December 1993 and continued until it was amalgamated with the UN Office for the Co-ordination of Humanitarian Assistance to Afghanistan (UNOCHA) in 2004. The purpose of the establishment of UNSMA was to encourage dialogue between the warring factions in Afghanistan, particularly the Taliban and the Northern Alliance. Medal obverse The medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The UN Special Services Medal was issued for this mission. The colour combination consists of a large blue stripe framed between two white stripes. In order to identify the theatre in which the personnel have earned the medal, a clasp is added with the name of the country or the United Nations organization (UNHCR, UNSCOM, UNSMA, MINUGUA etc). Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

UNMIH-1993UNMIH – 1993 United Nations Mission in Haiti

The United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH) was established in September 1993 to help implement provisions of the Governors Island Agreement of 03 July 1993. The mandate was later revised to enable the mission to assist the democratic government to sustain a stable environment, assist in modernising the armed forces of Haiti and establishing a new police force and establish an environment conducive to free and fair elections. The mission terminated in June 1996. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The red and blue central stripes are representative of the colours of the flag of the Republic of Haiti. The flanks are of UN blue while two stripes of white, which signify friendship, dissect the two. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

 

 

unamirUNAMIR – 1994 United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda

UNAMIR was established in October 1993 to monitor the ceasefire, the security situation and the process of repatriation of refugees. It also assisted with mine clearance, the coordination of humanitarian assistance and contributed to the security of the city of Kigali. UNAMIR also contributed to the security of personnel of the International Tribunal for Rwanda and of human rights offices in Rwanda and assisted in the establishment and training of a now, integrated national police force. The UNAMIR mandate came to end in March 1996. Irish personnel did not serve in UNAMIR but members of the Irish-Rwandan support group were awarded this medal by the UN. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The ribbon contains a wide centred stripe of UN blue flanked by a narrow stripe of white and three equal stripes of black, green and red. The black colour represents the volcanic lava and the world famous gorillas of the area, green is the colour of the local bush vegetation and red represents the African soil. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

unpredepUNPREDEP – 1995 United Nations Preventative Deployment force

UNPREDEP was established in March 1995 in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. This mission replaced UNPROFOR. The mission mandate was essentially preventative, to monitor and report any development in the border areas that could undermine the confidence and stability in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia or threaten its territory. The mission terminated in February 1999. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The ribbon has the UN blue background, representing peace, upon which is a broad red field with yellow bands in the middle bordered by thin white bands, representing the UNPREDEP command presence in Macedonia. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the

 

UNMOPUNMOP – 1996 United Nations Military observers Mission in Prevlaka

This mission was established in January 1996 to take over from the United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation (UNCRO). The mandate was to monitor the demilitarisation of the Prevlaka peninsula, a strategic area disputed by Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Following the successful completion of its mandate, the mission was terminated in December 2002. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The ribbon has a dark blue background, which represents the waters of the Prevlaka peninsula. The yellow central stripe represents the sun that rises, promising a peaceful and prosperous future and is flanked by thin white stripes. These are followed on either side by a band of dark blue and UN blue representing peace. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

 

untaesUNTAES – 1996 United Nations transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and western Sirmium

UNTAES was established on 15 January 1996 by Security Council Resolution 1037 for an initial period of twelve months with both military and civilian components. The mandate was to supervise and facilitate the demilitarisation as undertaken by the parties (Government of the Republic of Croatia and the local Serbian Community), to monitor the voluntary and safe return of refugees and displaced persons to their home of origin in cooperation with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, and to contribute to the maintenance of peace and security in the region. Upon completion of the task, the mission was terminated in January 1998. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The ribbon has a blue background (representing peace), upon which is a broad red field in the middle bordered by thin white bands representing United Nations Peace Forces’ command. Centered to the left is a narrow light green field (representing forests) and centred to the right is a narrow yellow field (representing cornfields). Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

unmikUNMIK – 1999 United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo

UNMIK was established on 10 June 1999 by adoption of Security Council Resolution 1244. The goal of the mission is the resolution of the grave humanitarian situation in Kosovo, through the implementation of return of refugees and prevention of the escalation of conflict between parties in the region. A NATO led force called KFOR provides an international security presence in support of UNMIK’s work. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The ribbon has two outer bands of light UN blue, symbolising the presence of the United Nations. The inner band in dark blue symbolises the International Security presence and the cooperation and support received from it. The two bands in white symbolise the overall objective to promote peace for all the people in Kosovo. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

  

UNEastTimorUNAMETFullSizeMedal800xUNAMET/UNTAET/UNMISET United Nations Assistance Mission in East Timor – Oct 1999 United Nations transitional Administration in East Timor – oct 2002 United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor – May 2002

The UNAMET/UNTAET Mission was established on 25 October 1999 by the adoption of Security Council Resolution 1272. The mission was established to administer the territory, exercise legislative and executive authority during the transition period and support capacity-building for self-government. East Timor became an independent country on 20 May 2002. Also that day, UNTAET was succeeded by the United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor (UNMISET) established by Security Council resolution 1410 of 17 May 2002 to provide assistance to core administrative structures critical to the viability and political stability of East Timor. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The ribbon has two outer bands of UN blue, representing the UN presence in East Timor. Inside the two bands, there are two equal bars - closest to the blue, the bar is crimson, with the bar closest to the centre being sunrise yellow. These colours represent the brilliant and spectacular sunrises and sunsets experienced in East Timor. The centre of the ribbon is a                    band of white, traditionally the colour of peace and hope, the goal this mission sought to achieve. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area. The same medal was awarded for all three                        missions.

monucMONUC – 2000 United Nations observer Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Mission was established on 24 February 2000 by the adoption of  Security Council Resolution 1291. The main goals of the Mission are to monitor the implementation of the ceasefire agreement and to investigate violations of the ceasefire, to work with the parties to obtain the release of all prisoners of war and to supervise and verify the disengagement and redeployment of the parties’ forces.  This mission is still ongoing. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The Medal ribbon has two outer bands of UN blue, representing the UN presence in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Inside the two bands, there are two equal bars in yellow, they represent the dawn of peace and prosperity. The dark blue in the middle of the yellow represents the Congo River. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

 

unmee3UNMEE – 2000 United Nations Mission Eritrea and Ethiopia

The Mission was established on 15 September 2000 by the adoption of Security Council Resolution 1320. The main goals of the mission are to monitor the cessation of hostilities, to assist in ensuring the observance of the security commitments agreed by the parties, to monitor and verify the redeployment of Ethiopian forces from positions taken, to monitor the positions of Ethiopian forces once redeployed and to monitor the positions of Eritrean forces. The mission was terminated in July 2008 Medal obverse The medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The medal ribbon has two outer bands of UN blue, symbolizing the presence of the United Nations. The inner band in green symbolises hope and the fertility of the land. The two bands in tan symbolise religious freedom and the ruggedness of the country. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

 

unmil0UNMIL – 2003 United Nations Mission in Liberia

The United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) was established by Security Council resolution 1509 of 19 September 2003 to support the implementation of the ceasefire agreement and the peace process; to protect United Nations staff, facilities and civilians; to support humanitarian and human rights activities; and to assist in national security reform, including national police training and the formation of a new, restructured military. The mission is ongoing. Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The medal ribbon bears two outer bands of United Nations blue, representing the UN presence in the Republic of Liberia. Inside the bands of UN blue are two bands of white, which represents the dawn of peace and progress. The red and dark blue bands in the centre reflect the main Liberian national colours, and the Atlantic Ocean coastline that is the symbol of unity throughout the country. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

MINUCIMINUCI/ONUCI United Nations operation In Côte d’Ivoire (Mission des Nations Unies en Côte d’Ivoire) (MINUCI) – 2003 (operations des Nations Unies en Côte d’Ivoire) (ONUCI) – 2004

mission: Having determined that the situation in Côte d’Ivoire constituted a threat to international peace and security in the region, the Security Council set up, on 13 May 2003, a political mission - MINUCI - to facilitate the implementation by the Ivorian parties of an agreement signed by them (the Linas-Marcoussis Agreement) and to complement the operations of the peacekeeping force of the Economic Community of West African States and French troops. On 4 April 2004, MINUCI was replaced by a UN peacekeeping operation - the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI). Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The Medal Ribbon is UN Blue with orange, white and green centre stripes to represent the flag of Côte d’Ivoire. The ribbon depicted here is the one for ONUCI. The MINUCI ribbon is similar but the centre stripes are thicker. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

MINUTCATMINURCAT II – 2009 United Nations Mission in Central African Republic and Chad (Mission des Nations Unies en Republique Centrafricaine et Au tChad)

On 25 September 2007, the Security Council, by its resolution 1778, approved the establishment in Chad and the Central African Republic, in concert with the European Union, of a multidimensional presence intended to help create the security conditions conducive to a voluntary, secure and sustainable return of refugees and displaced persons. The Council decided that the multidimensional presence shall include a United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT). Medal obverse the medal bears a map of the world, bronze in colour, surrounded by olive branches and bearing the letters “UN” on the top inscribed in bas-relief. Medal Reverse the medal reverse contains the expression “IN THE SERVICE OF PEACE” inscribed in bas-relief. Ribbon: The Medal ribbon is of UN blue, with narrow stripes of blue, white, yellow, green and red from left to right which represent the colours of Chad and the Central Africa Republic. Qualification: Qualifying period of 90 days of service in the mission area.

 

 

UNITED NATIONS MANDATED MISSIONS

ICFYICFY International Conference on the former Yugoslavia

In the summer of 1994, Yugoslavian President Milosevic tried to use a political gesture to achieve a relaxation of the international embargo against his country. He closed the border between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) and the unmanageable ‘Bosnian Serb Republic’. The contact group for the former Yugoslavia demanded, however, that international observers be allowed to control the border. On 17 September, 1994, FRY agreed to a non-uniformed observer mission: the International Conference on Former Yugoslavia mission (ICFY). All the observers were granted diplomatic status. The UN Security Council mandated the observer mission along the Serb Bosnian border in resolution 943 of 23 September 1994. The medals are silver alloy and round in form. The design on the obverse consists of the wording International Confidence on the Former Yugoslavia around the edge and fifteen raised stars in the inner edge and with the United Nations Emblem in the centre. The reverse carries a mountain and the wording “OBSERVER MISSION” The medal is suspended from a ribbon 5 cms in length. The colour of the ribbon Is a centre orange stripe flanked by two narrow grey stripes and two narrow white stripes flanked on either side by red edges. Eligibility: Medals are awarded to members of the Permanent Defence Forces who have the required qualifying service which is thirty (30) days accumulated satisfactory service in the theatre of operations. Posthumous awards: The qualifying service is not required for members killed or presumed killed while on EC assignment. In such cases, the medal is awarded posthumously.

 

SFOR-copySFOR (NATO MEDAL - wIth CLASP - former YUGOSLAVIA) Stabilisation force

NATO conducted its first-ever crisis response operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The NATO-led Implementation Force (IFOR) was deployed in December 1995 to implement the military aspects of the Dayton Peace Agreement and was replaced a year later by the NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR). SFOR helped to maintain a secure environment and facilitate the country’s reconstruction in the wake of the 1992-1995 war. In the light of the improved security situation in both Bosnia and Herzegovina and the wider region, the Alliance brought SFOR to a conclusion in December 2004 and the European Union (EU) took on NATO’s stabilization role establishing the European Union’s Mission, EUFOR Althea, on 2 December 2004. The medal is circular in form and made of bronze. The obverse bears a star set in a wreath of olive leaves. The reverse side has a band inscribed “NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION” at top and “ORGANISATION DU TRAITE DE L’ATLANTIQUE NORD” at the bottom. In the centre is a sprig of olive between the inscription “IN SERVICE OF PEACE AND FREEDOM” above and “AU SERVICE DE LA PAIX ET DE LA LIBERTE” The medal is suspended from a ribbon 5 cms in length. The colour of the ribbon is blue and white. clasp: A clasp (Former Yugoslavia) to the medal denotes the specific theatre, or area of operations, or the specific operation in respect of which the medal is being awarded. Eligibility: The medal is awarded to members of the Defence Forces who have the required qualifying service that is • Thirty (30) days within the land, sea, or air space of the Former Yugoslavia and the Adriatic Sea. • Ninety (90) days continuous or accumulated service in direct support of SFOR Operations in areas adjacent to the Former Yugoslavia. Posthumous awards: The qualifying service is not required for members killed or presumed killed while on SFOR assignment. In such cases, the medal may be awarded posthumously.

 

NATO-Kosovo-MedalKFOR (NATO MEDAL - wIth CLASP - KOSOVO) Kosovo force

The Kosovo Force (KFOR) is a NATO-led international force responsible for establishing a safe and secure environment in Kosovo, the self-proclaimed, independent and partially recognised landlocked country in the Balkans. KFOR entered Kosovo on June 12, 1999 under a United Nations mandate, two days after the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 1244. At the time of UN Security Council Resolution 1244, Kosovo was facing a grave humanitarian crisis, with military and paramilitary forces from the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) and the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) in daily engagement. The medal is circular in form and made of bronze.  The obverse bears a star set in a wreath of olive leaves. The reverse side has a band inscribed “NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION” at top and “ORGANISATION DU TRAITE DE L’ATLANTIQUE NORD” at the bottom. In the centre is a sprig of olive between the inscription “IN SERVICE OF PEACE AND FREEDOM” above and “AU SERVICE DE LA PAIX ET DE LA LIBERTE” The medal is suspended from a ribbon 5 cms in length. The colour of the ribbon is blue with a centre white stripe and flanked by two narrow white stripes. clasp: A clasp (Kosovo) to the medal denotes the specific theatre, or area of operations, or the specific operation in respect of which the medal is being awarded. Eligibility: The medal is awarded to members of the Defence Forces who have the required qualifying service which is Thirty (30) days within the land, sea, or air space of the Former Yugoslavia and the Adriatic Sea. • Ninety (90) days continuous or accumulated service in direct support of KFOR Operations in areas adjacent to the Former Yugoslavia. Posthumous awards: The qualifying service is not required for members killed or presumed killed while on KFOR assignment.  In such cases, the medal may be awarded posthumously.

east-timorINTERFET the International force East Timor Medal

The International Force for East Timor (INTERFET) was a multinational peacekeeping taskforce, mandated by the United Nations to address the humanitarian and security crisis which took place in East Timor from 1999–2000 until the arrival of United Nations peacekeepers. The INTERFET coalition forces began deploying to East Timor on 20 September 1999 Five months later, on 28 February 2000, INTERFET handed over command of military operations to UNTAET (United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor). conditions of award: In 1999, Australia led the international force that saw the removal of the occupying Indonesian power from the former Portuguese territory of East Timor. To recognise the importance of this operation, the International Force East Timor (INTERFET) medal was established in 2000. As well as being awarded to members of the ADF, the INTERFET medal was offered by Australia to all countries that provided contingents to the International Force in East Timor.: The INTERFET Medal is a cast metal medal with the obverse having an outline map of East Timor and its territories, combined with an outline figure of the dove of peace with olive branch, surrounded by the words ‘INTERNATIONAL FORCE EAST TIMOR’. The reverse has the words ‘TOGETHER AS ONE FOR PEACE IN EAST TIMOR’ around the circumference. The ribbon has a central red stripe, flanked by stripes of green, white and pale blue. The white, green and blue stripes represent the Navy, Army and Air Force, with dual representation of white for peace, blue for the sea surrounding East Timor and green for the re-growth of a new nation. The central red stripe represents the turbulent past of East Timor. Eligibility: The basic eligibility requirement for the INTERFET Medal is 30 days service in the prescribed area during the period 16 Sep 99 – 10 Apr 00.

 

non-articleNON ARTICLE 5 MEDAL NATO Service in Balkans

A number of factors led to a complete review of NATO Medal Policy in 2002, not least NATO’s first Article 5 operations in 2001. NATO recognised the need to differentiate between Article 5 and non-Article Article 5 operations whilst maintaining consistency in the policy and general regulations for the awards. The NATO review took the opportunity to amalgamate the separate NATO medals awarded for personnel participating in the differing NATO-led operations in the Balkans into one generic “Non-Article 5” NATO medal. With effect from 1 January 2003 the use of arabic numerals to indicate multiple tours was discontinued. Non Article 5 Medals have been awarded to Defence Force personnel who have served the requisite periods in both the SFOR and KFOR Missions to include service in KFOR Rear (FYROM). A bronze medal, 1 3/8 inches in diameter, bearing on the obverse the NATO emblem (a four pointed star emitting a ray from each point superimposed on an annulet) enclosed in base by a wreath of olive. The reverse side has a band inscribed “NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION” at top and “ORGANISATION DU TRAITE DE L’ATLANTIQUE NORD” at the bottom. In the centre is a sprig of olive between the inscription “IN SERVICE OF PEACE AND FREEDOM” above and “AU SERVICE DE LA PAIX ET DE LA LIBERTE” The Medal Ribbon consists of the following: Yale Blue with a White centre stripe with a silver line in the centre of the white stripe. clasp: A clasp (Non Article 5) is pinned to the medal. Eligibility: The medal is awarded to members of the Defence Forces who have the required qualifying service which is • Thirty (30) days within the land, sea, or air space of the Former Yugoslavia and the Adriatic Sea.

 

 

 

 

 

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